Technology & Vision
We are currently supported by grants from:
- Auckland Allied Health Alliance (AAHA): Using Eyetracking to objectively measure ocular deviations.
- NZOVRF: Virtual Reality based Perimetry.
We have available projects at PhD level
Tracking involuntary eye movements
We currently have a number of projects using eye tracking to measure visual function. Using carefully constructed stimuli, we look for the presence of an involuntary eye movement called optokinetic nystagmus (OKN). This can be used to measure visual function, or to monitor changes in vision in conditions such as glaucoma and macular degeneration.
Dakin, S. C. and Turnbull, P. R. K. Similar contrast sensitivity functions measured using psychophysics and optokinetic nystagmus. Sci. Rep 6, 34514; doi: 10.1038/srep34514 (2016)
Investigating neural physiology
We can also use eye tracking to investigate neural physiology. By monitoring subtle changes in pupil size (hippus) before and after the installation of either stimulating, or antagonising drugs, we were able to determine the tonus of the parasympathetic nervous system.
Philip R. K. Turnbull, Nouzar Irani, Nicky Lim, John R. Phillips; Origins of Pupillary Hippus in the Autonomic Nervous System. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci.2017;58(1):197-203. doi: 10.1167/iovs.16-20785
The safety of virtual reality
As optometrists, we see an increasing number of patients who are using virtual reality – especially children, who are using this technology at schools. Surprisingly, very little is known about the saftey of VR and the eyes. We are also investigating the usefullness of VR headsets in the detection and treatment of many different ocular conditions.
Turnbull, Philip RK, and John R. Phillips. “Ocular effects of virtual reality headset wear in young adults.” Scientific reports7, no. 1 (2017): 16172.
Eye trackers and 3D display technologies are now widely available and economical, but are they useful in the clinic? These devices have potential uses in automated assessments of binocular eye movements and for vision training, but we need to ensure that they produce...
The earlier a vision problem is detected, the greater the benefit to be derived from a treatment intervention. However, there are currently no reliable, objective and clinically usable tests available today, that allow for the measurement and detection of vision...
‘The Auckland Optotypes’ displayed on a tablet computer work well to identify children with vision loss
In NZ we have an excellent ‘before school’ screening program. Screening includes a test of the finest detail a child can see (visual acuity). Ideally, the test would be able to separate children with good vision from those who should see an eye doctor. We compared a...